Attention, all dog lovers and history enthusiasts! Get ready to embark on an enthralling journey through time as we delve into the world of dog breeds that vanished long ago. This captivating article unveils the secrets of the top 20 extinct dogs you’ve never known about. From ancient guardians to forgotten companions, these remarkable canines have left indelible pawprints on the pages of history.
Get ready, you will be in awe as we spotlight these forgotten treasure dogs, exposing their distinctive traits, captivating narratives, and the enigmas that shroud their vanishing acts. So, join us in the uncovering process to the hidden tales of these extraordinary and elusive dog breeds that time has forgotten.
Ready? Let’s dive in!
Top 20 Extinct Dogs You Don’t Know
Several dog breeds have become extinct or no longer exist. Some examples include:
The Talbot is an extinct dog breed that originated in medieval Europe and distinguished itself from other breeds of its time with its distinctive features. So, this hunting dog has a unique keen sense of smell, and its striking white coat, which made it easy to spot in the field.
Furthermore, descended from ancient hunting dogs, it was popular during the Middle Ages for its exceptional tracking abilities. Hunters prized the Talbot for its assistance in pursuing game, particularly scenting and trailing.
Sadly, the Talbot gradually disappeared over the centuries but the exact timeline of its extinction remains unclear. Research has it to be during the Renaissance period. Moreover, various factors contributed to its population decline, including changes in hunting practices, shifting societal preferences, and the emergence of new dog breeds that better met the evolving needs of hunters.
3. English White Terrier
The English White Terrier is an extinct breed that originated in the 19th century and distinguished itself from other terrier breeds with its distinctive features. So, this small and elegant terrier has a charming white coat and was a sought-after companion.
Tragically, the English White Terrier met its demise in the late 19th century. So, several factors contributed to the breed’s extinction, including health issues associated with excessive inbreeding, such as deafness and poor overall vitality. Additionally, changes in fashion and preferences for larger dog breeds led to the decline in popularity of the English White Terrier.
4. Cordoba Fighting Dog
The Cordoba Fighting Dog is an extinct Argentine breed that was specifically bred for its prowess in the fighting ring. So, this powerful and tenacious breed has distinctive features that make it a formidable opponent.
Descended from various breeds which include the Mastiff, Bull Terrier, and Pit Bull Terrier. In addition, it was selectively rare in the 20th century for its strength, agility, and high pain tolerance. Its muscular build, strong jaws, and relentless determination made it a formidable adversary.
Sadly, the Cordoba Fighting Dog met its demise in the mid-20th century. So, the breed’s extinction can be attributed to the banning of dog fighting in many countries, including Argentina. As a result, the demand for such fighting breeds diminished, leading to a decline in their population. Additionally, societal shifts towards more humane treatment of animals and increased awareness of the cruelty associated with dog fighting further contributed to the breed’s demise.
5. Hare Indian Dog
The Hare Indian Dog is an extinct North American breed that is from the Hare Indian clan. So, it has distinctive features that make it a good suit for hunting and sled pulling.
The indigenous Hare Indian clan selectively bred these dogs for their hunting prowess and ability to navigate the harsh Arctic terrain. Also, the dogs’ agility, endurance, and keen sense of smell made them invaluable companions in the pursuit of the game.
Tragically, the Hare Indian Dog became extinct in the early 20th century due to several factors. This includes the decline of the Hare Indian clan and their traditional way of life. Thus, as the clan’s population was reducing and their hunting practices were also changing the need for the Hare Indian Dog diminished. Additionally, the introduction of other dog breeds and the influence of Western culture further contributed to the decline and eventual extinction of this once-vital breed.
6. Blue Paul Terrier
The Blue Paul Terrier is an extinct Scottish breed with a striking blue coat and impressive fighting abilities, possessing distinctive features that made it stand out among other terriers of its time.
Gaining popularity in 18th and 19th century Scotland for its unique appearance and reputation as a formidable fighting dog. Thus, it was a force to be reckoned with in the fighting ring with its muscular physique, strong jaws, and unwavering courage.
Sadly, the Blue Paul Terrier met its demise in the late 19th century due to a combination of factors. The decline in the popularity of dog fighting and the enactment of laws prohibiting such activities led to a decreased demand for fighting breeds like the Blue Paul Terrier. Additionally, societal shifts toward more humane treatment of animals and increased awareness of the cruelty associated with dog fighting played a role in the breed’s decline.
Although the Blue Paul Terrier is no longer present today. Its memory lives on through historical records, artwork, and the stories passed down through generations. Its distinctive blue coat and fearless spirit continue to captivate the imagination, serving as a reminder of the breed’s unique place in canine history.
7. Toy Trawler Spaniel
The Toy Trawler Spaniel is an extinct breed that originated as a small and agile hunting companion and possessed distinctive features that made it well-suited for assisting fishermen.
To accompany fishermen on their trawling expeditions, coastal regions developed the Toy Trawler Spaniel. Its small size and nimble nature allowed it to navigate the tight spaces of fishing boats and retrieve nets, making it an invaluable asset to the fishing community.
Sadly, the Toy Trawler Spaniel met its demise in the 19th century due to several factors, including changes in fishing practices and the decline of traditional trawling methods. As fishing techniques evolved and larger vessels became more prevalent, the need for a small and specialized trawling companion diminished. Additionally, the introduction of other dog breeds and shifts in societal preferences further contributed to the decline and eventual extinction of this once-vital breed.
Although the Toy Trawler Spaniel is no longer with us. But, its memory lives on through historical accounts and the legacy it left behind in the fishing communities. Its distinctive traits and contributions to the fishing industry serve as a testament to the enduring bond between humans and dogs.
8. English Water Spaniel
The English Water Spaniel is an extinct breed that originated in England and possessed distinctive features that made it well-suited for water-related activities. So, this versatile breed excelled at swimming and boasted a unique curly coat.
English hunters and fishermen popularized the English Water Spaniel in the 18th century due to its skilled water retrieving abilities. Its webbed feet, waterproof coat, and strong swimming skills made it an ideal companion for retrieving waterfowl and other games.
Sadly, the English Water Spaniel became extinct in the early 20th century due to several factors, including changes in hunting practices and the decline in demand for specialized water retrievers. As hunting methods shifted and the focus turned towards other breeds, the English Water Spaniel gradually fell out of favor. Additionally, its small population and limited breeding pool contributed to its decline and eventual extinction.
Although the English Water Spaniel is no longer present today. So, its memory lives on through historical records, and artwork. Also, its influence on the development of other spaniel breeds. Its distinctive curly coat and exceptional water-retrieving abilities continue to captivate the imagination. Thus, reminds us of the breed’s unique contributions to the world of working dogs.
9. Braque du Puy
The Braque du Puy is an extinct French breed that possessed distinctive features that set it apart as a hunting companion. This compact breed boasted a keen sense of smell and a unique curly coat.
In the 19th century, hunters in the Puy-de-Dôme region of France popularized the Braque du Puy for its exceptional tracking abilities and versatility in various terrains.
Sadly, the Braque du Puy became extinct in the early 20th century due to several factors, including changes in hunting practices, shifts in societal preferences, and the impact of World War I. As hunting methods evolved and the demand for specialized hunting dogs declined, the Braque du Puy population dwindled. The devastation of World War I further contributed to the breed’s decline and eventual extinction.
Although the Braque du Puy is no longer with us today, its memory lives on through historical records, artwork, and its influence on the development of other pointing breeds.
Its distinctive features and exceptional hunting abilities continue to captivate the imagination. Therefore, reminds us of the breed’s unique place in the history of hunting dogs.
10. Hawaiian Poi Dog
The Hawaiian Poi Dog is an extinct breed that originated in Hawaii and possessed distinctive features that made it unique to the island’s culture. So, this stocky breed with short legs adapted to a diet primarily consisting of poi, a traditional Hawaiian staple.
Polynesian settlers introduced the Hawaiian Poi Dog to the Hawaiian Islands in ancient times. It played a significant role in Hawaiian society, serving as a companion, food source, and even spiritual symbol.
Tragically, the Hawaiian Poi Dog became extinct in the 19th century. The breed’s extinction can be attributed to several factors, including the arrival of European settlers, who brought new dog breeds that interbred with the native Hawaiian dogs. Additionally, changes in Hawaiian culture, such as the adoption of Western dietary preferences and the decline of traditional practices, contributed to the decline and eventual extinction of the Hawaiian Poi Dog.
Although the Hawaiian Poi Dog is no longer with us today. But, its memory lives on through historical accounts, artwork, and its cultural significance to the Hawaiian people.
Its distinctive features and role in Hawaiian history serve as a reminder of the unique bond between humans and animals. Also, the impact of cultural changes on the survival of dog breeds.
11. Tahltan Bear Dog
The Tahltan Bear Dog is an extinct Canadian breed that originated with the Tahltan First Nation. So, this small but mighty breed possessed distinctive features that made it a formidable companion in bear hunting.
The Tahltan First Nation in Canada selectively bred the Tahltan Bear Dog for its courage, agility, and keen hunting instincts. Its compact size, sharp senses, and tenacious spirit made it an invaluable asset in assisting hunters in tracking and confronting bears.
The exact timeline of the Tahltan Bear Dog’s extinction remains uncertain, but the breed’s population declined due to several factors, including changes in hunting practices, shifts in societal dynamics, and the influence of interbreeding with other dog breeds.
Although the Tahltan Bear Dog is no longer with us today. But, its memory lives on through the cultural heritage of the Tahltan First Nation and the stories passed down through generations. Its distinctive features and role in bear hunting serve as a testament to the bond between humans and animals and the unique contributions that specific dog breeds can make to the lives of their human companions.
12. Moscow Water Dog
The Moscow Water Dog is an extinct breed that originated in Russia and possessed distinctive features that made it well-suited for water rescue work. So, this powerful breed boasted strong swimming abilities, webbed feet, and a thick, waterproof coat.
In the 1920s, the Russian Navy developed the Moscow Water Dog as a water rescue breed. They bred Newfoundlands, Caucasian Ovcharkas, and other large dogs to create a versatile and capable working dog that could assist in water rescues and serve as a guard dog.
The Moscow Water Dog had a muscular build, a broad head, and a thick double coat that provided insulation in cold water. Its webbed feet allowed it to swim efficiently, and its strong jaws made it capable of gripping and towing objects in the water.
Sadly, the Moscow Water Dog became extinct in the 1980s due to various factors. The breed faced health challenges, including hip dysplasia and heart problems. Additionally, political changes and the disbandment of the Russian Navy’s water rescue program contributed to the breed’s decline. The lack of breeding programs and the difficulty maintaining the breed’s population ultimately led to its extinction.
The Bullenbeisser is an extinct German breed that possessed distinctive features that made it a formidable hunting and working dog. So, this muscular breed boasted strong jaws and a determined temperament.
The Bullenbeisser was developed in the 19th century as a hunting dog primarily used to track and capture large game, such as wild boars and bears. So, it was bred from a combination of various mastiff-type breeds, including the English Bulldog and the now-extinct Alaunt.
The Bullenbeisser had a broad chest, a powerful neck, and a short, dense coat that protected it from harsh weather conditions. Its strong jaws and tenacious nature made it an effective catch dog, capable of holding down prey until the hunter arrived.
Sadly, the Bullenbeisser became extinct in the late 19th century due to several factors. The decline of large game hunting, changes in hunting practices, and the rise of firearms diminished the breed’s purpose. Additionally, the Bullenbeisser faced challenges in terms of health issues and the difficulty of maintaining its population.
Although the Bullenbeisser is no longer with us today. But, its influence can be seen in the development of other dog breeds, such as the Boxer. The breed’s distinctive features and historical significance serve as a reminder of its once vital role in the world of hunting and working dogs.
14. Norfolk Spaniel
The Norfolk Spaniel is an extinct English breed that possessed distinctive features that set it apart from other spaniels. So, this versatile hunting dog boasted a keen sense of smell, agility, and a friendly disposition.
In the 19th century, breeders developed the Norfolk Spaniel as a specialized spaniel breed for hunting small game, particularly birds. They bred various spaniel breeds, including the Clumber Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel, to create this new breed.
The Norfolk Spaniel had a medium-sized build, a well-feathered coat, and long, drooping ears. Its compact body and nimble movements made it an excellent flushing and retrieving dog in the field.
Sadly, the Norfolk Spaniel became extinct in the early 20th century due to a decline in demand for specialized hunting dogs and changes in hunting practices. The rise of more versatile and popular spaniel breeds, such as the English Springer Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel, also contributed to the Norfolk Spaniel’s decline.
Although the Norfolk Spaniel is no longer with us today. But, its memory lives on through historical records, artwork, and its influence on the development of other spaniel breeds. Its distinctive features and its role in the history of hunting dogs serve as a reminder of its once-valued contributions to the field.
15. Russian Tracker
The Russian Tracker is an extinct Russian breed that possessed distinctive features that made it a skilled scent hound. This large and powerful breed was renowned for its exceptional tracking abilities.
Breeders selectively bred the Russian Tracker in the 19th century for its keen sense of smell and its remarkable capacity to track games over long distances. It was primarily used to hunt large game, such as bears and wolves.
The Russian Tracker boasted a robust body, a broad head, and a dense coat that protected it from harsh weather conditions. Its strong nose and unwavering endurance made it an invaluable asset in tracking and trailing the game.
Sadly, the Russian Tracker became extinct in the early 20th century due to various factors. Changes in hunting practices, the decline of large game populations, and the advent of firearms diminished the breed’s purpose. Additionally, the lack of dedicated breeding programs and the challenges of maintaining its population further hastened its extinction.
Although the Russian Tracker is no longer present today. But, its legacy endures through historical records and artwork. And the influence it had on the development of other scent hound breeds. The breed’s distinctive features and its significant role in the history of hunting dogs serve as a poignant reminder of its once vital contributions to the field.
The Kurī is an extinct New Zealand breed that possesses distinctive features that make it a unique and valuable companion to the Māori people. This compact breed with a curled tail and thick double coat was renowned for its adaptability to the local environment and its usefulness in various tasks, including hunting, guarding, and companionship.
The Māori people selectively bred the Kurī for its unique qualities after the Polynesians arrived in New Zealand around the 13th century. The Kurī’s compact and muscular body, curled tail, and thick double coat made it well-suited to the diverse climates and terrain of New Zealand.
Sadly, the Kurī became extinct in the 19th century due to various factors. The arrival of European settlers brought new dog breeds to New Zealand. Thus, leading to crossbreeding and a decline in the purebred Kurī population. Additionally, changes in Māori society, such as shifts in lifestyle and cultural practices, contributed to the diminishing numbers of the breed.
Although the Kurī is no longer with us today. But, its memory lives on through Māori folklore, historical accounts, and archaeological findings. Its distinctive features and its significant role in the lives of the Māori people serve as a poignant reminder of its once-vital contributions to New Zealand’s culture and heritage.
17. Paisley Terrier
The Paisley Terrier, a Scottish breed that originated in the 19th century, possessed distinctive features that made it a unique and sought-after companion. This elegant breed was known for its long, silky coat.
Breeders in Paisley, Scotland selectively bred the Paisley Terrier for its beautiful coat, which required extensive grooming and maintenance.
The Paisley Terrier had a small, compact body with a distinctive head shape and a well-defined muzzle. Its most notable feature was its long, flowing coat that draped gracefully over its body.
Sadly, the Paisley Terrier became extinct in the early 20th century. Changing fashion trends, preferences for smaller, more practical dog breeds, and the extensive grooming requirements of the Paisley Terrier all contributed to its decline.
Although the Paisley Terrier is no longer with us today, its memory lives on through historical records, and artwork. And the influence it had on the development of other long-haired terrier breeds. Its distinctive features and its role in the history of dog breeding serve as a reminder of its once-elegant presence in the canine world.
18. Turnspit Dog
The Turnspit dog, also known as the Kitchen Dog or the Cooking Dog was a small breed of dog bred specifically to turn meat on a spit over an open fire. These dogs were commonly used in kitchens during the 16th and 17th centuries in Europe.
Breeders bred Turnspit dogs for their ability to turn a spit, a common method of cooking meat at the time. The dogs would be attached to a wheel or treadmill and would walk in circles, turning the spit and cooking the meat evenly.
Furthermore, They were often used in large kitchens and inns, where they would work alongside cooks and kitchen staff. Their unique ability, strength, stamina, agility, and endurance made them popular during the 18th and 19th centuries for hunting games as well.
The exact origin of the Turnspit dog is unknown, but it is believed to have originated in England in the 16th century.
However, as technology advanced and cooking methods changed, the need for Turnspit dogs declined. Mechanical rotisseries were invented by the mid-19th century, making the dogs obsolete. Additionally, the breed’s popularity waned as other breeds, such as the English Springer Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel, became more popular for hunting and companionship.
Today, the Turnspit dog is considered extinct, with the last known specimen dying in the early 20th century. However, some breeds are still similar in appearance and temperament, such as the Welsh Corgi and the Dachshund.
19. Tweed Water Spaniel
Breeders developed the Tweed Water Spaniel in the 19th century in the Scottish Borders region of Scotland by crossing various water dogs with local Scottish breeds. This medium-sized dog with a muscular build and a thick, curly coat was typically black or liver in color.
Fishermen often used Tweed Water Spaniels to retrieve nets and fish from the water because of their strong swimming abilities. The dogs were also valued by hunters for retrieving game from water and by farmers for herding livestock.
The breed began to decline in numbers in the late 19th century, and extinct by the early 20th century. Changes in hunting practices and the introduction of other breeds contributed to the decline of the Tweed Water Spaniel.
French breeders developed the Chien-gris. So, it is a medium to large-sized dog with a muscular build and a unique gray coat, in medieval times. This remarkable hunting companion had exceptional scenting abilities and agility in tracking games, particularly wolves and boars.
As hunting practices evolved and demand for specialized hunting dogs changed, the Chien-gris declined in popularity. The introduction of firearms has led to more specialized hunting breeds. Also, the decrease in the need for hunting dogs ultimately led to the extinction of the Chien-gris.
Today, the Chien-gris is extinct, with no known living individuals. However, its legacy lives on through historical records and depictions. This reminds us of its once prominent role in the hunting traditions of France.
Exploring the world of extinct dog breeds has been a captivating journey through time. So, we have uncovered the fascinating stories and unique characteristics of the top 20 lesser-known canines that have vanished from existence. Thus, from the mighty Molossus to the agile Hare Indian Dog, each breed played a role in history and contributed to the rich tapestry of our canine companions.
While it is saddening to realize that these remarkable breeds are no longer with us, their legacy lives on through historical records and our continued fascination with their stories. By learning about these extinct dogs, we gain a deeper appreciation for the diversity and evolution of our beloved four-legged friends.
Let us remember and celebrate these lost treasures, cherishing the memories of their loyalty, strength, and companionship. As we continue to explore the world of dog breeds, let us honor the past and embrace the present, ensuring that the remarkable legacy of our canine companions endures for generations to come.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the 2 most expensive dog?
Samoyed: The Samoyed is another breed that is known for its beauty and luxurious coat. So, these friendly and gentle dogs have a captivating smile and a playful nature. Samoyeds are highly sought after, and their price can range from several thousand dollars to tens of thousands, depending on factors such as lineage, pedigree, and show potential.
- The Löwchen: Also known as the “Little Lion Dog,” is a small and rare breed that is often considered one of the most expensive dogs in the world. With its distinctive lion-like appearance and charming personality, the Löwchen has captured the hearts of dog enthusiasts and collectors alike.
What dog breed sells the most?
Labrador Retrievers are consistently one of the most popular and best-selling dog breeds worldwide due to their friendly temperament, intelligence, and versatility.
Labradors’ loyalty, trainability, and gentle nature make them excellent family pets and working dogs. They are often sought after as companions, therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs, and assistance dogs for individuals with disabilities.
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